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Family Araucariaceae

Description: Trees.

Leaves needle-like or flat, ovate to lanceolate, spirally arranged; usually dioecious.

Cones with spirally arranged scales. Male sporophylls or cone scales with many sporangia. Female cone scales numerous, the bracts large and woody, fused to the scales. Ovule 1 to each cone scale, centrally placed, inverted.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 3 genera, 32 species, mainly Southern Hemisphere except Africa. Australia: 3 genera, 6 species, Qld, N.S.W.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Araucariaceae, Order: Pinales)
Wikipedia

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the genera 
1Seeds free from cone scales, winged; leaves obtuse or acute; confined to Wollemi N.P. (CT)Wollemia
Seeds united with or enclosed by cone scales, not winged; leaves acute; widespread in warmer rainforest, north from Nambucca R. (NC)Araucaria

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