Synonyms: Lilaeaceae APNI*
Description: Annual or perennial herbs with rhizomes or bulbs, sometimes with tuberous roots, mostly ± scapose.
Leaves ± terete or flattened, sheathing, ligulate or eligulate.
Inflorescence spike-like. Flowers actinomorphic, mostly bisexual or unisexual and plants monoecious. Perianth segments 6. Stamens 6. One ovule per carpel.
Fruits or partial fruits indehiscent.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 3 genera, c. 32 species, subcosmopolitan, mostly temperate, but cente of specific diveristy in Australia. Australia: 2 genera, c. 12 species, all States.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Juncaginaceae, Order: Alismatales)
The genus Maundia was previously in this family but it is now placed in its own family Maundiaceae.
Text by S. W. L. Jacobs; updated Louisa Murray Feb 2017
Taxon concept: S. von Mering & J.W. Kadereit in O. Seberg et al. (eds), Diversity, Phylogeny, and Evolution in the Monocotyledons: 73 (2010)
| ||Key to the genera|| |
|1||Plants with rhizomes and tuberous roots, leaves ± flattened, eligulate, fruits without carpophore (stalk)||Cycnogeton|
|Plants with bulbs or rhizomes, leaves semi-terete, ligulate or auriculate, fruits mostly with carpophore (stalk)||Triglochin|