PlantNET Home PlantNET Home | Search NSW Flora | Contact Us  
FloraOnline
Introduction
Plant Name Search
Index Search
Spatial Search
Identification Keys
Classification
Glossary
HerbLink (Type Images)
WeedAlert
Other PlantNET Sites
Other Data Sources
NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE Printable Page

Family PARACRYPHIACEAE

Synonyms: Quintiniaceae APNI*
Sphenostemonaceae APNI*

Description: Trees or shrubs, sometimes vines.

Leaves alternate or subopposite to (sub)whorled, sometimes spiral, simple, petiolate, lamina leathery, pinnately veined, margin entire or serrate; stipules absent.

Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemose or paniculate (compound spikes). Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual or unisexual, 4- or 5-merous. Perianth differentiated into (4 or) 5 free sepals and (4 or) 5 free, caducous petals (Quintinia) or 4 free, decussate, widely imbricate, mostly hooded sepals and 0 or 4 free, caducous (at anthesis) petals similar to the sepals but more fleshy in texture (Sphenostemon) or with undifferentiated perianth of 4 free, decussate, concave, imbricate, caducous segments (sometimes interpreted as tepals, the outerrmost 1 the largest and ± enclosing the other 3) (Paracryphia). Stamens 4–13; filaments free, sometimes shorter than anthers; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, introrse. Disc present. Ovary inferior (Quintinia) or superior (Sphenostemon, Paracryphia), 3–5- or 8–15-locular; ovules numerous or 4 per locule.

Fruit a septical capsule.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 3 genera, 36 species, SW Pacific; Philippines to Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand. Australia: 2 genera, 5 species, Qld, N.S.W.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Paracryphiaceae, Order: Paracryphiales)
Wikipedia

Includes previously accepted families Quintiniaceae (Quintinia was misplaced in the family Escalloniaceae in Fl. NSW Vol. 3, 1992) and Sphenostemonaceae.

Text by P.G. Kodela, March 2017
Taxon concept:

One genus in NSW: Quintinia

  Privacy | Copyright | Disclaimer | About PlantNET | Cite PlantNET