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Family VALERIANACEAE

Description: Annual or rarely perennial herbs.

Leaves opposite, usually basally joined by a ridge, simple and entire [or pinantifid to pinnately compound]; stipules absent.

Inflorescences cymose, terminal. Flowers ± actinomorphic to zygomorphic, bisexual, usually 5-merous. Calyx with a short tube and 1–25 lobes, sometimes feather-like, persistent in fruit. Corolla 5-lobed, with or without a spur. Stamens 1–3, alternating with the petals; anthers 2-locular, dehiscence introrse, by longitudinal slits. Ovary inferior, 3-locular each with 1 fully developed loculus containing 1 pendent ovule; style slender; stigma with 2 or 3 thread-like branches or rarely entire.

Fruit an achene with remains of 2 aborted loculi visible.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 13 genera, 400 species, Eurasia, Africa & America. Australia: 3 genera, 8 species, all States.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Valerianaceae, Order: Dipsacales)
Wikipedia

Text by L. Retter
Taxon concept:

One genus in NSW: Centranthus

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