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Genus Abildgaardia Family Cyperaceae

Description: Small tufted perennials, occasionally rhizomatous.

Leaves basal, about half as long as culms, or reduced to sheaths; ligule absent.

Inflorescence of 1–3(–6) sessile or pedunculate spikelets; involucral bracts usually glume-like and smaller than fertile glumes, occasionally with leaf-like blade. Spikelets ± compressed or twisted above with maturity, numerous-flowered. Glumes distichous (upper glumes may appear spiral with maturity by twisting of the rachilla), glabrous, deciduous as the nuts mature. Hypogynous bristles absent. Stamens 3, rarely 1. Style 3-fid, trigonous, slightly pyramidally thickened at base, deciduous from mature nut.

Nut rounded-trigonous, obpyriform or obovoid.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 15 species, pantropical. Australia: 7 species (6 species endemic), Qld, N.S.W., W.A., N.T.

Text by K. L. Wilson
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves reduced to loose sheaths white or hyaline at mouth; glumes pale red-brown; spikelets often more than 1 per inflorescenceAbildgaardia vaginata
Leaves with well-developed blades 2 cm or more long; glumes whitish to straw-coloured; spikelets rarely more than 1 per inflorescenceAbildgaardia ovata

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