Common Name: Foxtails
Description: Tufted perennials, or rarely annuals, sometimes rooting at lower nodes.
Leaves with ligule blunt, membranous; blade flat.
Inflorescence a dense spike-like panicle, narrow, soft.
Spikelets very shortly pedicellate, strongly laterally compressed, disarticulating below the glumes and falling entire at maturity; 1 bisexual floret. Glumes subequal, margins united at the base, acute, awnless, keeled, ciliate on the keel. Lemmas equal to or shorter than the glumes, 3- or 4-nerved, keeled, thin, margins often united towards the base, with a slender geniculate awn attached towards the base of the back. Palea absent.
Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 50 species, temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Australia: 4 species (naturalized), all States except N.T.
Text by S. W. L. Jacobs & S. M. Hastings
Taxa not yet included in identification key
| ||Key to the species|| |
|1||Glumes glabrous (except for minutely hairy keels) and united for more than 30% of their length; keels winged||Alopecurus myosuroides|
|Glumes hairy on sides and keel, united for less than 30% of their length; wing on keel absent||2|
|2||Lemma truncate with margins free; glumes obtuse; spikelets 2–3.5 mm long||Alopecurus geniculatus|
|Lemma acute with margins united for c. 25% of their length; glumes acute; spikelets 4–6 mm long|
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