Description: Shrubs or trees, evergreen or deciduous; monoecious or polygamous.
Leaves entire or regularly toothed, 3–5-veined from near base.
Inflorescences axillary on new shoots, racemes or panicles. Flowers unisexual and/or bisexual, axillary, the male flowers clustered, female and bisexual flowers solitary or 2 or 3 together. Perianth segments 4–6.
Fruit a drupe.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 80 species, tropical & temperate areas. Australia: 5 species (2 species native), Qld, N.S.W., N.T., W.A.
*C. sinensis Pers., native of Asia, is naturalized in southern Qld, but no records have been substantiated for N.S.W.
Text by G. J. Harden
Taxa not yet included in identification key
| ||Key to the species|| |
|1||Leaves entire, elliptic to lanceolate; inflorescences many-flowered||Celtis paniculata|
|Leaves toothed, lanceolate to broad-ovate; inflorescence 1–few-flowered||2|
|2||Upper surface of leaves distinctly rough and scabrous; lower surface pubescent to glabrous; mature fruit brown to black or purple to black||3|
|Upper surface of leaves ± smooth and glabrous; lower surface with hairs usually confined to midvein; mature fruit orange|
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|3||Lower surface of leaves pale, almost white, and softly hairy, 1–4 cm wide; bark smooth||Celtis australis|
|Lower surface of leaves paler green than upper surface; usually mostly glabrous, 3–7 cm wide; bark furrowed|
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