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Genus Cissus Family Vitaceae

Description: Woody climbers. Tendrils simple or 2-branched at apex, adhesive discs absent.

Leaves simple or more commonly palmately compound with lateral leaflets smaller than terminal one, margins toothed to entire. Cymes compact, leaf-opposed or placed next to leaves, main branches, ± umbellate; usually long-peduncled.

Flowers bisexual, usually 4-merous. Calyx shortly toothed. Petals free, apex hooded. Disc cupular, fused to base of ovary, 4-lobed. Ovary 2-locular, each loculus with 2 ovules; stigma small.

Berry 1- or rarely 2-seeded.


Photo © ANBG

Herbarium
Sheet

Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 350 species, widespread, chiefly tropical regions. Australia: 14 species (7 species endemic), Qld, N.S.W., Vic., N.T.

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves simpleCissus antarctica
Leaves compound, usually 3–5-foliolate2
2Leaves with prominent domatiaCissus sterculiifolia
Leaves without domatia
                       Back to 1
3
3Leaflets usually 5–10 cm long, rounded at base and borne on distinct petiolules; young shoots rusty-hairyCissus hypoglauca
Leaflets mostly 1–6 cm long, tapering into short petiolules or sessile; young shoots more or less glabrous
                       Back to 2
Cissus opaca

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