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Genus Crinum Family Amaryllidaceae

Description: Perennial herbs with bulb; bulb tunicated, sometimes extended as a neck to, or above ground level as a pseudostem.

Leaves usually basal, broad-linear to linear.

Inflorescence umbellate [sometimes reduced to 1 flower], scapose; scape involucral bracts 2, spathe-like; flower bracts numerous, linear. Flowers more or less actinomorphic to slightly zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile. Perianth tube slender, 6-lobed; lobes (free part of tepals) ± equal. Stamens 6, ± equal, usually slightly bent downwards; filaments filiform; anthers linear, versatile, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, latrorse, turning inside out and often curving after anthesis. Ovary inferior, 3-locular; ovules 1–12 per loculus; placentation axile; upper part of ovary often forming a distinct beak; style filiform, usually strongly declinate; stigma slightly 3-lobed.

Fruit ± globose, indehiscent capsule; seeds large, 1–several.


Habitat
Photo D. Hardin

Habit
Photo Tanja Lenz

Flower
Photo S. Goodwin

Fruit
Photo T.M. Tame

Distribution and occurrence: World: 100 species, tropical & subtropical regions, mostly coastal. Australia: c. 11 species (8 species endemic), all mainland States.

The delimitation of species in this genus needs further study.

Text by G. J. Harden & N. Frischknecht (1993); edited KL Wilson (Feb 2011, Aug 2013)
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Flowers bilaterally symmetrical, pink, funnel-shapedCrinum moorei
Flowers radially symmetrical, white to yellowish, widely spreading trumpet-shaped2
2Leaves more than 5 cm wide; anthers straight; plants with pseudostem to 45 cm tall; coastal speciesCrinum pedunculatum
Leaves less than 5 cm wide; anthers usually strongly curved; plants without pseudostem; inland species
                       Back to 1
Crinum flaccidum

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