PlantNET Home PlantNET Home | Search NSW Flora | Contact Us  
FloraOnline
Introduction
Plant Name Search
Index Search
Spatial Search
Identification Keys
Classification
Glossary
HerbLink (Type Images)
WeedAlert
Other PlantNET Sites
Other Data Sources
NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE Printable Page

Genus Cynara Family Asteraceae

Description: Large perennial herbs, usually spinose.

Leaves a basal rosette (often withering at fruiting) and cauline, alternate, pinnatisect, with spiny segments.

Heads large, globose, terminal, solitary or in loose cymes of 2 or 3; involucral bracts several-seriate, unequal, leathery or fleshy, spine-tipped, glabrous, the outer and middle with a stout spine or an ovate to triangular appendage at the apex; receptacle convex, fleshy, with bristles. Florets all tubular, bisexual, fertile; 5-toothed, purplish, blue or white. Anthers caudate at base, apex subacute. Style branches linear, erect, appressed.

Achenes ovoid-pyramidal or obovoid-cylindrical, glabrous; pappus of numerous, several-seriate, plumose bristles united in a ring at the base.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 10 species, Mediterranean region. Australia: 2 species (naturalized), N.S.W., Vic., S.A., W.A.

Text by L. Murray
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves with upper surface shortly tomentose, lower surface white-tomentose, with rigid yellow spines at apex and clustered at base and on each ultimate lobe; heads 4–5 cm diam., bracts leathery, often purplishCynara cardunculus
Leaves with upper surface glabrescent and lower surface grey-tomentose, not spinose, but with mucronate segments; heads 8–15 cm diam.; involucral bracts fleshy at base, usually greenCynara scolymus

  Privacy | Copyright | Disclaimer | About PlantNET | Cite PlantNET