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Genus Cynoglossum Family Boraginaceae

Description: Annual to perennial herbs.

Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate or sessile.

Inflorescence terminal, of few to several monochasial (scorpioid) cymes; bract present or absent; flowers pedicellate. Sepals fused at base. Corolla actinomorphic, narrowly funnel-shaped with 5 saccate scales in the throat opposite the lobes. Stamens included; anthers ± sessile, appendages short and acute. Ovary 4-lobed; style short; stigma capitate.

Fruit of 4 spiny mericarps splitting from a low, convex gynobase.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 50–60 species, tropical & temperate regions. Australia: 3 species (2 species endemic, 1 species naturalised), all States except N.T.

Text by Peter G. Wilson
Taxon concept:

Taxa not yet included in identification key
Cynoglossum torvum

 Key to the species 
1Inflorescence bracteateCynoglossum suaveolens
Inflorescence without bracts2
2Flowers 3.5–6 mm across, blue or white; outer face of mericarps concave, with a flattened rimCynoglossum australe
Flowers 7–9 mm across, pink to blue with darker reticulate veins; outer face of mericarps convex, without a flattened rim
                       Back to 1
Cynoglossum creticum

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