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Genus Cynoglossum Family Boraginaceae

Description: Annual to perennial herbs.

Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate or sessile.

Inflorescence terminal, of few to several monochasial (scorpioid) cymes; bract present or absent; flowers pedicellate. Sepals fused at base. Corolla actinomorphic, narrowly funnel-shaped with 5 saccate scales in the throat opposite the lobes. Stamens included; anthers ± sessile, appendages short and acute. Ovary 4-lobed; style short; stigma capitate.

Fruit of 4 spiny mericarps splitting from a low, convex gynobase.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 50–60 species, tropical & temperate regions. Australia: 3 species (2 species endemic, 1 species naturalised), all States except N.T.

Text by Peter G. Wilson
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Plant procumbent, inflorescence bracts similar to cauline vegetative leaves, outer face of mericarps plane, marginal glochids fused at their base onlyCynoglossum torvum
Plant erect, inflorescence bracts reduced and much smaller than cauline leaves, outer face of mericarps concave, marginal glochids fused below their middle, in some individuals forming a prominent wingCynoglossum australe

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