Description: Annual to perennial herbs.
Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate or sessile.
Inflorescence terminal, of few to several monochasial (scorpioid) cymes; bract present or absent; flowers pedicellate. Sepals fused at base. Corolla actinomorphic, narrowly funnel-shaped with 5 saccate scales in the throat opposite the lobes. Stamens included; anthers ± sessile, appendages short and acute. Ovary 4-lobed; style short; stigma capitate.
Fruit of 4 spiny mericarps splitting from a low, convex gynobase.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 50–60 species, tropical & temperate regions. Australia: 3 species (2 species endemic, 1 species naturalised), all States except N.T.
Text by Peter G. Wilson
Taxa not yet included in identification key
| ||Key to the species|| |
|1||Inflorescence bracteate||Cynoglossum suaveolens|
|Inflorescence without bracts||2|
|2||Flowers 3.5–6 mm across, blue or white; outer face of mericarps concave, with a flattened rim||Cynoglossum australe|
|Flowers 7–9 mm across, pink to blue with darker reticulate veins; outer face of mericarps convex, without a flattened rim|
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