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Genus Dichorisandra Family Commelinaceae

Description: Perennial herbs; stems erect or trailing.

Leaves oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous or velvety.

Inflorescence terminal. Flowers slightly zygomorphic, bisexual or male, pedicellate, bracteolate. Outer tepals unequal, erect, persistent, greenish or petaloid; inner tepals subequal, petaloid, blue or purple, persistent. Stamens 6 or rarely 5, equal or subequal, the upper 3 and the central lower one grouped and the lower laterals divergent; filaments short, glabrous, anthers large, oblong, dehiscing by apical pores. Ovary 3-locular; ovules 3–5 per loculus.

Fruit a fleshy capsule; seeds black, enclosed by a reddish aril.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 35 species, tropical America. Australia: 1 species (naturalized).

Text by Peter G. Wilson
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora

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