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Genus Elatostema Family Urticaceae

Description: Herbs, rarely woody at the base, with stems often rooting at nodes; stinging hairs absent; usually dioecious.

Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, base asymmetric, margins regularly toothed; ± sessile; stipules encircling stem.

Flowers in dense axillary heads, receptacle usually ± flat, surrounded by involucral bracts. Male perianth of 4 or 5 distinct segments, stamens 4 or 5, sterile carpel often present, very small. Female perianth minute, segments usually 3, stigma sessile, tufted.

Achene compressed and mostly contracted at the base into a stipe.


Illustration
L. Elkan

Habit
Photo J. T. Hadiah

Flower
Photo J. T. Hadiah

Other photo
Photo J. T. Hadiah

Distribution and occurrence: World: 200 species, mainly tropical regions. Australia: 2 species, Qld, N.S.W.

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves mostly more than 7 cm long; heads more than 8 mm diam., white or yellowish, male peduncle more than 2 cm long, female heads more or less sessileElatostema reticulatum
Leaves less than 7 cm long, mostly 1–3 cm long; heads c. 5 mm diam., whitish, male peduncle less than 2 cm, female peduncle more than 1 cmElatostema stipitatum

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