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Genus Eriocaulon Family Eriocaulaceae

Description: Small herbs.

Inflorescence not exceeding imbricate bracts. Male flowers with outer tepals inserted at base of floral axis; outer tepals free or fused; inner tepals inserted above on floral axis, reduced and 2- or 3-toothed, or 2 or 3 hyaline tepals, usually with small dark gland on inner surface; stamens usually twice the number of inner tepals; anthers often black. Female flowers with perianth absent or outer tepals 2 or 3, inserted at base of floral axis; inner tepals inserted above on floral axis, 2 or 3, usually erect, hyaline, sometimes with small gland on inner surface; ovary with simple style branches.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 400 species, mostly tropical & subtropical regions. Australia: 20 species (native), all mainland States.

Text by B. J. Conn
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Female flowers with perianth absent and so ovary appearing to be distinctly shortly pedicellateEriocaulon australasicum
Female flowers with 2 or 3 outer tepals and 3 inner tepals; ovary sessile2
2Leaves more than 20 cm long; inflorescence with scape at least 30 cm longEriocaulon australe
Leaves up to c. 8 cm long; inflorescence with scape 1–12 cm long
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3
3Bracts of inner flowers with white hairs on outer surface towards apex, membranous; male flowers with inner tepals fused into a short obconical tube, tube more or less equal to lobesEriocaulon scariosum
Bracts of inner flowers glabrous; male flowers with inner tepals fused into an obconical tube, tube much longer than lobes
                       Back to 2
Eriocaulon carsonii

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