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Genus Euchiton Family Asteraceae

Description: Perennial, often stoloniferous, or occasionally annual herbs.

Leaves alternate, generally flat with entire margins, tomentose on both surfaces.

Inflorescence of flower heads, solitary or in small, terminal clusters surrounded by a ray of leaves, disciform. Involucral bracts papery, brownish or hyaline. Receptacle flat, with no receptacle scales. Outer florets purple, female, outnumbering the central florets; central florets purple or colourless.

Achenes oblong or ellipsoid-oblong, generally with clavate twin hairs. Pappus of bristles, scabrid, with free or cohering cilia.

Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 17 species: Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, East Asia. NSW: 8 species native.

Text by Lawrence Mou
Taxon concept: Bremer, K. (1994)

 Key to the species 
1Heads solitaryEuchiton traversii
Inflorescences of several to many heads2
2Involucral bracts acuminate, the tips delicate and deeply lacerate; species of subalpine or montane areasEuchiton umbricola
Involucral bracts obtuse to broad-acute, firm and leathery; widespread species
                       Back to 1
3Flower heads subtended by large leafy bracts, much longer than the diameter of the head; basal rosette soon withering4
Flower heads without visible subtending bracts or with bracts only a little longer than the diameter of the head; basal rosette persistent
                       Back to 2
Euchiton japonicus
4Annuals; heads with a single bisexual floret per headEuchiton sphaericus
Stoloniferous perennials; heads with 3 or more bisexual florets per head
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5Achenes glabrous; 15–80 mm long; flower heads 1–2 mm diameterEuchiton limosus
Achenes minutely papillate; leaves 30–200 mm long; flower heads 1.5–3 mm diameter
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Euchiton involucratus

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