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Genus Glycyrrhiza Family Fabaceae
Subfamily Faboideae

Description: Perennial glandular-hairy herbs or subshrubs.

Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 5–17, rarely 3-foliolate, gland-dotted (often aromatic when crushed); stipules membranous, caducous; stipels absent.

Inflorescences axillary racemes, 10–60-flowered; bracts caducous; bracteoles absent. Calyx ± campanulate, with 5 ± equal teeth, upper 2 partially fused. Standard ovate to lanceolate or oblong; keel shorter, obtuse to ± acute. Stamens diadelphous; anthers alternately long and short. Ovary sessile, ovules 2–4; style incurved, glabrous; stigma oblique, terminal.

Pod terete or compressed, sometimes dehiscent; seeds without aril.


Photo © ANBG

Distribution and occurrence: World: 18 species, cosmopolitan temperate & subtropical regions. Australia: 2 species (1 species endemic), Qld, N.S.W., Vic., S.A., W.A.

Text by C. Gardner
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves usually less than 8 cm long; leaflets ± 8 mm wide; flowers 5–8 mm long; pod ovoid, 5–6 mm long, bristly, 1-seededGlycyrrhiza acanthocarpa
Leaves usually more than 8 cm long; leaflets 8–20 mm wide; flowers 10–13 mm long; pod linear-oblong, 10–20 mm long, glabrous, mostly 2–6-seededGlycyrrhiza glabra

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