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Genus Hypochaeris Family Asteraceae

Description: Annual to perennial taprooted rosette herbs; hairs non-glandular or absent.

Leaves usually basal, spreading flat, toothed to pinnatifid, cauline leaves few or absent.

Heads terminal on simple or sparsely branched stems, cylindrical to cone-shaped, spreading in flower and fruit; involucral bracts 2–5-seriate; receptacle flat, scales present. Florets all ligulate. Anthers sagittate at base, apical appendage minute. Style branches linear, papillose.

Achenes cylindrical, ribbed, scabrid, at least inner beaked; pappus in 1 or 2 rows of plumose bristles, sometimes also with an outer row of simple bristles.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 100 species, Europe, Mediterranean region, & South America. Australia: 3 species (naturalized), all States.

The record of H. species aff. glabra in Jacobs & Pickard (1981), has not been substantiated.

Text by L. Murray
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Hairs of pappus in 2 rows; inner long and plumose; outer short and simple; florets yellow2
Hairs of pappus in 1 row; all plumose; florets whiteHypochaeris microcephala
2Inner achenes beaked, outer achenes with no beak; leaves usually glabrous; if hairy, only slightly so, especially on marginsHypochaeris glabra
All achenes beaked; leaves usually hispid, rarely glabrous
                       Back to 1
Hypochaeris radicata

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