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Genus Hypoxis Family Hypoxidaceae

Description: Perennial herbs, cormous; roots filamentous, fleshy-fibrous or tuberous.

Leaves clustered, lamina flat or angled, sheaths papery.

Inflorescences 1–8, 1–9-flowered, in corymbose bracteolate racemes or panicles, or flowers solitary. Tepals 4–6, ± free, elliptic to narrow-ovate, glabrous inside, glabrous or hairy outside, yellow to yellow-green. Stamens 4–6, sometimes unequal in length. Ovary 2- or 3-locular; ovules numerous; style 2- or 3-lobed.

Fruit a dry capsule, dehiscing by transverse rupture; seeds rostrate or not, sculptured, shiny or dull.


Photo © ANBG

Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 150 species, America, Africa, eastern Asia & Australia. Australia: 10 species (endemic), all States.

Text by P. G. Richards
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Plants more or less pubescent2
Plants glabrous4
2Seeds shiny; flowers 1–3 per peduncle; roots medial on corm3
Seeds dull; flowers 3–9 (usually 4 or 5) per peduncle; roots basal on corm
                       Back to 1
Hypoxis pratensis
3Leaves to 2 mm wide; tepals 4–6 times as long as broadHypoxis exilis
Leaves to 4 mm wide; tepals 2–5 times as long as broad
                       Back to 2
Hypoxis hygrometrica
4Bracteoles 2 per axis, not sheathing, with only 1 vein or no veins presentHypoxis glabella
Bracteoles 1 per axis, sheathing, with more than 1 vein present
                       Back to 1
Hypoxis vaginata

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