PlantNET Home PlantNET Home | Search NSW Flora | Contact Us  
FloraOnline
Introduction
Plant Name Search
Index Search
Spatial Search
Identification Keys
Classification
Glossary
HerbLink (Type Images)
WeedAlert
Other PlantNET Sites
Other Data Sources
NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE Printable Page

Genus Linum Family Linaceae

Description: Erect herbs, glabrous or almost so.

Leaves alternate, entire, sessile; stipules absent.

Inflorescence terminal, cymes, usually forming corymbs. Sepals 5, free, persistent in fruit. Petals 5, not persistent in fruit. Stamens 5, alternating with 5 staminodes; filaments united at base. Ovary usually 5-locular; 2 ovules in each loculus; styles 5, free or united.

Capsule ± globose to ovoid, dehiscing by 10 valves; topped by persistent styles; seeds 10.


Photo © ANBG

Distribution and occurrence: World: 230 species, subtropical & temperate regions, especially Mediterranean region. Australia: 6 species (2 species native), all States except N.T.

This genus is economically important as the source of flax, linseed oil and oil-cake from L. usitatissimum L.

Text by C. L. Gardner
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Petals blue or white, more than 7 mm long; pedicels more than 10 mm long; capsules more than 3 mm diam2
Petals yellow, less than 7 mm long; pedicels less than 10 mm long; capsules less than 3 mm diamLinum trigynum
2Perennial; leaves usually less than 20 mm long, rarely to 30 mm, less than 3 mm wide; styles united above middle; capsules 4–6 mm diamLinum marginale
Annual; leaves mostly more than 20 mm long, ± 3 mm wide; styles free; capsules 6–9 mm diam
                       Back to 1
Linum usitatissimum

  Privacy | Copyright | Disclaimer | About PlantNET | Cite PlantNET