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Genus Maclura Family Moraceae

Description: Trees, shrubs or woody climbers with stout axillary spines; milky latex usually present but sometimes sparse; dioecious.

Leaves entire.

Flowers in axillary ± globose heads.

Fruit a syncarp, a multiple fruit composed of the fusion of the enlarged floral axis and the fleshy perianths and bracts that envelop the drupes.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 12 species, America, Africa & Asia to Australia. Australia: 2 species, Qld, N.S.W.

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Woody climber or straggling shrub, latex often more or less milky; male inflorescence 6–8 mm diam., flowers more or less sessile, peduncle 2–6 mm long; fruit less than 2 cm diamMaclura cochinchinensis
Trees or tall shrubs, latex often sparse except in the fruit; male inflorescence 15–20 mm diam., pedicels 5–8 mm long, peduncle 20–40 mm long; fruit more than 5 cm diamMaclura pomifera

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