Description: Trees or shrubs.
Leaves alternate; stipules inconspicuous.
Inflorescences auxillary or borne below the leaves, often few-flowered, clustered. Flowers functionally unisexual, actinomorphic; pedicels with a pair of minute bracts. Calyx lobes subequal. Petals equal. Stamens free or united, rudimentary in female flowers; filaments short; anthers free, ovoid, with a dorsal, scale-like nectary and connective usually produced into a membraneous appendage. Ovary rudimentary in male flowers; placentas 2–5, each with several ovules; style with sessile stigmas.
Fruit a berry.
Distribution and occurrence: World 15 species, Soloman Islands. Eastern Australia., New Zealand, Norfolk Island and Fiji. Australia 3 species.
Text by L.J. Murray; updated L. Murray 2017
Taxon concept: Flora of Australia vol. 8 p122
Taxa not yet included in identification key