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Genus Neolitsea Family Lauraceae

Description: Shrubs or trees, dioecious.

Leaves alternate, hairy, usually crowded in pseudowhorls at the end of shoots below scaly buds; leaves usually 3-veined from near base, fine venation areolate. Umbels in ± sessile axillary clusters, often ramiflorous, several-flowered, surrounded by bracts that usually persist until flowers open.

Flowers unisexual, 2-merous. Perianth segments 4. Stamens 6 in 2 whorls, anthers 4-locular, dehiscence introrse; staminodes 6 in female flowers, the inner whorl with glands.

Drupe globose; receptacle expanding to form a shallow disc-like cupule at the base of the fruit, with or without the perianth attached, pedicel elongating during fruit development.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 80 species, Asia, Malesia, Australia. Australia: 3 species (endemic), Qld, N.S.W., N.T.

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Mature petioles covered with crooked hairs, usually less than 15 mm long; branchlets, petioles and at least main veins on lower surface of leaves hairy with brownish hairsNeolitsea dealbata
Mature petioles glabrous, generally more than 15 mm long; branchlets and leaves glabrous except when very young and then covered with straight hairsNeolitsea australiensis

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