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Genus Nepeta Family Lamiaceae

Description: Perennial herb; branches 4-angular; hairs mostly simple.

Leaves opposite, petiolate; margins coarsely toothed to crenate, or rarely lobed.

Inflorescence terminal, often with basal flower-clusters in upper leaf axils, distally compact and spike-like, usually with 20–30 flowers per node. Sepals ± equally fused, with 5 pointed lobes. Corolla 2-lipped; lower lip with 2 narrow lateral lobes and a broad-spathulate medial lobe; upper lip broad-oblong, 2-lobed. Stamens 4, fertile, inserted at different levels at and above the throat of the corolla tube; anthers with 2 fertile loculi that diverge to about 80deg from the attachment of the filaments, exserted.

Mericarps 1-keeled.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 250 species, temperate Eurasia, extending to mountains of tropical Africa. Australia: 1 species (naturalized).

Text by B. J. Conn
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Nepeta cataria

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