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Genus Phyllostachys Family Poaceae

Description: Tall perennial shrubs or trees with a leptomorph rhizome system; culms woody with rather short, hollow internodes, flattened or grooved, the groove on alternating sides of the stem and above the axillary bud.

Leaves with sheath eventually deciduous; blade short-petioled, with a distinct pseudopetiole, articulated, fairly short, venation tessellated.

Inflorescence a terminal, leafy panicle, appearing usually only after an interval of many years (possibly >100).

Spikelets 1–4-flowered. Glumes usually unequal, many-nerved, glabrous. Lemma ovate to lanceolate, acuminate. Palea 2-keeled, often with 2 short points.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 30 species, warm-temp. regions of Asia. Australia: 2 species (naturalized), Qld & N.S.W.

Text by S. W. L. Jacobs & S. M. Hastings
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Stems purplish black at maturity; leaves 9–15 mm widePhyllostachys nigra
Stems yellowish green at maturity; leaves 6–22 mm widePhyllostachys aurea

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