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Genus Romulea Family Iridaceae

Description: Small perennial herbs with annual leaves and flowers; corm globose to bell-shaped with a hard, smooth tunic; aerial stem short or absent.

Leaves few–several, basal, filiform, terete, flat or compressed, rarely 1 or 2 leaves cauline on a short stem. Scapes erect, 1–several, shorter than leaves; spathe bracts subequal, acute, inner one often scarious or with hyaline margins; spathes 1-flowered.

Flowers actinomorphic. Perianth tube short, narrowly funnel-shaped; lobes equal, spreading, narrow-elliptic to obovate. Stamens free. Style 3-branched; branches deeply 2-fid, filiform.

Capsule oblong to ovoid; seeds numerous, compressed-globose, brown.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 90 species, Africa, Europe, Mediterranean region. Australia: 4 species (naturalized), N.S.W., Vic., S.A., W.A.

Text by T. A. James & E. A. Brown
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Flower entirely yellow: inner bract hyalineRomulea flava
Flower not yellow except inside perianth tube; inner bract green with scarious margins or wholly scarious2
2Flower 8–15 mm long; perianth lobes obtuseRomulea minutiflora
Flower 15–30 mm long; perianth lobes acute
                       Back to 1
Romulea rosea

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