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Genus Schinus Family Anacardiaceae

Description: Shrubs or trees, dioecious or sometimes polygamous.

Leaves alternate, [simple or] imparipinnate, rachis often slightly winged; leaflets ± opposite.

Inflorescences in terminal or upper axils, thyrses. Flowers unisexual, sometimes mixed with bisexual ones. Sepals 4 or 5. Petals 4 or 5. Male flowers with 8–10 stamens, below margin of disc, alternate ones longer; disc lobed between filaments; sometimes with a sterile ovary. Female flowers with 8–10 staminodes, ovary seated on disc, 1-locular.

Fruit a drupe; exocarp membranous, shining, fragile, separating from mesocarp at maturity; mesocarp resinous, adhering to bony endocarp.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 30 species, Mexico to Argentina. Australia: 2 species (cultivated & naturalized), Qld, N.S.W., Vic., S.A.

Text by M. J. Taylor
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves pendent, leaflets lanceolate to linear, 2–10 mm wide.Schinus molle var. areira
Leaves not pendent, leaflets elliptic to oblong-ovate, 12–30 mm wide.Schinus terebinthifolius

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