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Genus Scolymus Family Asteraceae

Description: Spiny annual to perennial herbs; stems solitary, branched, usually winged.

Leaves pinnatifid, spinose-toothed.

Heads few to numerous, ovoid; involucral bracts several-seriate, outer bracts leaf-like, tipes spinose and grading into the similar spinose, thistle-like, upper leaves; receptacle with ovate non-persistent scales enclosing the achenes; florets all ligulate, yellow. Anther base sagittate. Style branches slender, ± filiform.

Achenes dorsally compressed; pappus absent or of a few rigid hairs.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 3 species, Mediterranean region. Australia: 2 species (naturalized), N.S.W., Qld.

Text by L. Murray
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Wings on stem interrupted, spinose-toothed; without or with slightly thickened margins on stem wings and leaves; pappus a few rigid hairsScolymus hispanicus
Wings on stem continuous, spinose-toothed; with strongly thickened white margins on stem wings and leaves; pappus absentScolymus maculatus

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