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Genus Thelionema Family Phormiaceae

Description: Tufted perennial herbs; roots fibrous; true aerial stems condensed, leafy.

Leaves with sheath closed at apex.

Inflorescence cymose. Tepals subequal, spreading or recurved. Staminal filaments ± fusiform, papillose-barbellate from near base to near apex; anthers dehiscing longitudinally by slits, introrse, recurved or coiled after dehiscence.

Fruit a loculicidal capsule, dark brown or black; seeds shining.


Photo © ANBG

Distribution and occurrence: World: 3 species, endemic Australia. Australia: Qld, N.S.W., Vic., Tas.

Text by K. L. Wilson
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Inflorescence held amongst the leaves; leaf blades 1–4 mm wide, with several prominent rounded veins on lower surface; tepals 4.3–8 mm longThelionema umbellatum
Inflorescence exceeding leaves; leaf blades 2–28 mm wide, with midvein keeled (usually acutely) on lower surface and more prominent than lateral veins; tepals 8–14 mm long2
2Leaf blades 2–12 mm wide, minutely but strongly papillose on lower surface; seeds smoothThelionema caespitosum
Leaf blades 11–28 mm wide, not or weakly papillose on lower surface; seeds minutely reticulate to minutely warty
                       Back to 1
Thelionema grande

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