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Genus Xylosma Family Salicaceae

Description: Trees or shrubs, dioecious [or polygamous].

Leaves alternate, margins toothed to entire; stipules minute or absent.

Flowers unisexual, in axillary clusters or few-flowered racemes. Sepals 4–8, fused at base. Petals absent. Disc few- to many-lobed. Stamens numerous.

Fruit a berry, thin-walled; seeds 1–8.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 100 species, tropical regions except Africa; Australia: 4 species, Qld, N.S.W. (2 species endemic L.H.I.).

Xylosma was previously placed in the now synonymised family Flacourtiaceae.

Text by G.J. Harden, Flora of New South Wales Vol. 1: 430-432 (1990), in Flacourtiaceae
Taxon concept: Australian Plant Census (accessed May 2017)

Taxa not yet included in identification key
Xylosma maidenii,    Xylosma parvifolia,    Xylosma terrae-reginae


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