Photo Ken Hill
The Cycad Pages
Encephalartos gratus

Encephalartos gratus Prain, Bull. Misc. Inform.: 181 (1916). L—K
"TYPE: Nyasaland, Mt Mlanji, Davy 417 (lecto K, fide Melville)."

Etymology: Latin gratus, pleasing




Historical notes: Described in 1916 by English botanist -- Prain.

Distinguishing features:

Distribution and habitat: North-western Mozambique and south-eastern Malawi, on steep to precipitous slopes in gorges near streams.

Conservation: 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants category V.
Photo Ken Hill


Plants arborescent; stem 2.5 m tall, 60 cm diam.

Leaves 120-200 cm long, dark green, highly glossy, flat (not keeled) in section (opposing leaflets inserted at 180° on rachis); rachis green, gently curved, somewhat lax, slightly twisted in some leaves; petiole straight, with 1-6 prickles; leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets reducing to spines.

Leaflets lanceolate, weakly discolorous, not overlapping, not lobed, insertion angle horizontal; margins flat; upper margin heavily toothed (more than 3 teeth); lower margin heavily toothed (more than 3 teeth); median leaflets 18-26 cm long, 20-35 mm wide.

Pollen cones 15-20, fusiform, brown, 30-40 cm long, 4.5-10 cm diam.

Seed cones 2-5, ovoid, brown, 55-65 cm long, 15-20 cm diam.

Seeds oblong, 30-40 mm long, 14-20 mm wide, sarcotesta red.

The Cycad Pages

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Written and maintained by Ken Hill 1998-2010
Maintained by Leonie Stanberg and Dennis Stevenson 2010-2012
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