|The Cycad Pages
- Encephalartos marunguensis Devred, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 91: 104-110 (1958). H—BM
- "TYPE: Belgian Congo, Haut-Katanga: plateaux de Marungu, aux abords immediat de Kapona, Devred 3924 (holo BR)."
From the Marungu Mountains, south-eastern Zaire, with the Latin termination
-ensis, place of origin.
Described in 1959 by Belgian botanist
One of a group of dwarf central African species (the E. poggei complex)
that also includes E. delucanus, E.
schmitzii and E. schaijesii.
Distinguished by the short bluish
green leaves with a short clear petiole and the dark green to bluish green
Distribution and habitat: DR of Congo, open savanna on the
Marungu Mountains in the south-east of the country.
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants
Plants acaulescent; stem 0.4 m tall, 15 cm diam.
Leaves 50-85 cm long, blue green, semiglossy, strongly keeled; rachis
green, straight with last third sharply recurved, not spirally twisted; petiole
straight, with 1-6 prickles; leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets
reducing to spines.
Leaflets linear, weakly discolorous, not overlapping, not lobed,
insertion angle obtuse (45-80°); upper margin entire (no teeth); lower
margin entire (no teeth); median leaflets 10-12 cm long, 12-13 mm wide.
Pollen cones 1-3, narrowly ovoid, bluish-green or green, 18-25 cm
long, 5-7.5 cm diam.
Seed cones 1-3, ovoid, blue-green or green, 20-30 cm long, 10-15 cm
Seeds oblong, 20-30 mm long, 20-25 mm wide, sarcotesta red or yellow.