|Photo Ken Hill
|The Cycad Pages
- Encephalartos munchii R.A. Dyer & I. Verd., Kirkia 7: 147-158 (1969). H—PRE
- "TYPE: Mozambique, Zembi Mtn, south of Vila Pery, Munch 452 (SRGH, holo, PRE); (= Dyer & Verdoorn 5859; 5860; 5861, PRE)."
Honoring R.C. Munch of Zimbabwe, well
known student and collector of cycads.
Described in 1969 by South African botanists
Allen Dyer and
Inez Verdoon, who separated
the previously broadly defined E. manikensis into a number of
segregates, primarily on differences in pollen cone morphology (see also
E. concinnus, E. pterogonus and E. chimanimaniensis).
A member of the E. manikensis complex, a group of robust cycads from
the region of the Zimbabwe-Mozambique border with stout erect trunks of
medium height, leaves with short petioles and numerous reduced spine-like
leaflets, median leaflets with 1-6 spines on each margin, green cones and
red seed-coats. The bluish-green leaves and leaflets with 3-6 spines on
each margin distinguish this from other members of the group.
Distribution and habitat: Mozambique
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants
Plants arborescent; stem 1 m tall, 35 cm diam.
Leaves 100-130 cm long, dark green or blue green, semiglossy,
moderately keeled; rachis green, straight, stiff, not spirally twisted; petiole
straight, with 1-6 prickles; leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets
reducing to spines.
Leaflets lanceolate, weakly discolorous, not overlapping, not lobed,
insertion angle obtuse (45-80°); margins flat; upper margin heavily
toothed (more than 3 teeth); lower margin lightly toothed (1-3 teeth); median
leaflets 12-15 cm long, 18-20 mm wide.
Pollen cones 1-6, narrowly ovoid, bluish-green, 40-65 cm long, 7-9 cm
Seed cones 1-6, ovoid, blue-green, 40-50 cm long, 15-20 cm diam.
Seeds oblong, 25-30 mm long, 20-23 mm wide, sarcotesta red.