|Photo Ken Hill
|The Cycad Pages
- Encephalartos schmitzii Malaisse, Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 39: 401-406 (1969). H—BR
- "TYPE: Belgian Congo, District de Haut-Katanga, Kundelungu (female cone), Malaisse 6286 (holo BR)"
Honoring Andre Schmitz, 20th Century
-- collector, who collected the type.
Discovered in 1955 by Scmitz, who found a single male plant plant.
A single female plant of the same species was found 10 years later,
and the species was formally described in 1969 by Belgian botanist
Subsequent field studies in Zambia and DR Congo have shown this to be a
widesread and common species.
One of a group of dwarf central African species (the E. poggei complex)
that also includes E. delucanus, E.
marunguensis and E. schaijesii. Distinguished by the short
bluish green leaves with almost no clear petiole and the dark green to
bluish green cones.
Distribution and habitat:
DR of Congo and Zambia, in the catchment of the Luapula River.
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants
status Endangered (E).
Plants acaulescent; stem 0.3 m tall, 20 cm diam; 9 leaves in crown.
Leaves 40-60 cm long, blue green, semiglossy, strongly keeled; rachis
green, straight with last third sharply recurved, not spirally twisted; petiole
straight, with 1-6 prickles; leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets
reducing to spines.
Leaflets linear, weakly discolorous, not overlapping, not lobed,
insertion angle obtuse (45-80°); margins flat; upper margin entire (no
teeth), or lightly toothed (1-3 teeth); lower margin entire (no teeth), or
lightly toothed (1-3 teeth); median leaflets 10-14 cm long, 8-10 mm wide.
Pollen cones 1-3, ovoid or narrowly ovoid, bluish-green or green,
8-10 cm long, 3-4 cm diam.
Seed cones 1, ovoid, blue-green or green, 20-25 cm long, 10-12 cm
Seeds ovoid or oblong, 20-25 mm long, 20-25 mm wide, sarcotesta