|Photo Ken Hill
|The Cycad Pages
- Zamia amblyphyllidia D.W. Stev., Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 42(3): 26 (1987).
- "TYPE: Puerto Rico: Bosque de Rico Abajo. Utuada, 30 Jan 1985, P. Acevedo R. 576 (holo NY, iso FTG, NY)."[NY][NY]
In reference to the blunt obovate leaflets.
This broad leafleted West Indian has gone under many names
including Zamia latifoliolata Prenl. which means broad
leaflets. However, the type specimen of Z. latifoliolata
is clearly a plant of Z. pumila. The epithet
latifoliolata is why previous workers applied the
name to plants now known as Z. amblyphyllidia.
A member of the West Indian Zamia clade distinguished
by its large very often deeply notched to almost forked
leaflets and peculiarly shaped conical sterile apex of
the seed cones called "rocket" cones by Norstog.
Distribution and habitat:
Jamaica, Western Cuba, and the North Central area of coastal Puerto Rico.
Although not listed in the
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants,
this species is very rare in the wild although quite common
in cultivation. In fact it may be extinct in Jamaica and
is almost extinct in Puerto Rico as a result of habitat
destruction and to some extent over collection but not by
cycad collectors but rather by commercial nurseries.
|Photo Ken Hill
subterranean and tuberous, 3-25 cm in diameter, often dichotomously branched, wrinkled [smooth] and devoid of old leaf bases.
alternating from 1-2 cm long, sheathing at first, with a pair of inconspicuous stipules.
generally few, 2-15; petioles with stipules, smooth; rachis bearing 5-30 pairs of opposite to subopposite leaflets, smooth.
oblong to broadly obovate, 12-25 cm long and 1.5-3 cm wide, sessile, rounded and often notched apically, with 10-15 indistinct teeth in upper fourth.
pedunculate, 1-30, cylindrical but gradually tapering towards acute apex, each 6-20 cm long and 1-3 cm in diameter, densely pubescent.
dark brown, usually solitary but occasionally up to 3, emerging from center of leaf crown, cylindrical ovoid with long gradually tapering blunt sterile apex, 6-15 cm long and 4-6 cm in diameter.
with a bright red sarcotesta, ovoid, 1-2 cm long.
2n = 16.