|Photo Knut Norstog
|The Cycad Pages
- Zamia wallisii A. Braun, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin: 376 (1875).
- "TYPE: Colombia, Antioquia, 23 Aug 1984, Stevenson et al. 582 (neo NY, iso FTG, HUA, JAUM, NAP, NY)."[NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY][NY]
The specific epithet honors Gustav Wallis a plant collector of the latter
half of the nineteenth century who first collected the species.
Zamia wallisii was described in 1875 by Alexander Braun (one of the
most famous, eclectic German botanists of the 19th century)
from material collected by Gustav Wallis in Colombia. The species
was collected once again in 1888 by Kalbreyer and then not seen again
for 100 years. Both the Wallis and Kalbreyer collections were lost and
no type specimen was extant resulting in some doubt about the existence
of the species until its recent rediscovery in 1980's.
Zamia wallisii is readily identified by its huge elliptic leaflets,
up to 30 cm wide, with deep grooves between the veins of the upper surface
and the obvious petiolules.
Distribution and habitat:
Endemic to Colombia and known only from the neotype locality. Zamia
wallisii grows in primary and secondary rain to cloud forests at
300-1000 m as an understory plant on poor clay soils.
Zamia wallisii should be considered, along with Z. montana, as
the most endangered species of Zamia in Columbia. Both are known
only from single populations and the seed cones of Z. wallisii
are unknown. The presence of seedlings in the population indicate
that reproduction does occur but apparently rarely. According
to Rodrigo Bernal, habitat destruction has become acute.
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants
|Photo Dennis Stevenson
|Photo Dennis Stevenson
Stem subterranean, 3-5 cm diam.
Cataphylls ovate, 1-2 cm long, 2-3 cm wide.
Leaves usually solitary (2-3), 0.5-1.5 m long; petiole 0.3-1 m
long, sparsely to densely prickled; rachis with 2-5 pairs of leaflets,
occasionally with a few prickles in the lower third.
Leaflets with distinct petiolule, elliptic, grooved between
the veins on the adaxial surface, cuneate basally, acuminate apically,
margins serrate in upper third, the larger median ones 30-50 cm long,
12-15 cm wide.
Pollen cones cream to light tan, cylindrical to
elongate-cylindrical, 5-8 cm long, 1-2 cm diam.
Seed cones unknown.
2n = 16.