The Eucalypts
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Eucalyptus leucoxylon

Eucalyptus leucoxylon F. Muell., Trans. Victorian Inst. 1: 33 (1855).
TYPE: South Australiua, Mt Lofty Ra., F. Mueller MEL 1010317, Nov 1849 (lecto MEL, fide Boland 1979). Boland revoked an earlier lectotypification by Willis (1967) on the grounds that the specimen chosen did not adequately fit the protologue. Cited as "In grassy plains from the Avoca to St. Vincent's and Spencer's Gulf." "In the valleys of the mountains, Lofty Ranges, S.A., F. Mueller."
Eucalyptus gracilipes Naudin, Descr. Emploi Eucalyptus 2nd Mem. 37 (1891).
TYPE: origin unknown, cult. in gardens of M. Huber in Nice and Villa Thuret (syn ?)
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. angulata Benth., Fl. Austral. 3: 210 (1867).
TYPE: South Australia, Devils Country, F. Mueller s.n. (not known, fide Boland 1979)
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. erythrostemma F. Muell. ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 127 (1856).
TYPE: South Australia, Encounter Bay, C. Stuart & F. Mueller U 190556 (lecto U, fide Boland 1979). Cited as "Rarius ad sinum Encounty-Bay et montis Beagle-range (Stuart et F. Mueller)."
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. macrocarpa J.E. Brown, For. Fl. South Australia 2 (1883).
TYPE: the illustration, J.E. Brown., For. Fl. South Australian 2 (1882); unnumbered plate of red-flowered form accompanying description of the variety. Lectotype, designated by Boland (1979). No type was cited.The geographical range cited is consistent with subsp. megalocarpa.
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. pauperita J.E. Brown, For. Fl. South Australia 2 (1883).
TYPE: the illustration accompanying the protologue (unnumbered plate), J.E. Brown, For. Fl. South Australia 2 (1883). Lectotype designated by Boland (1979). No type was cited. The localities cited for this taxon were "Kapunda, Saddleworth and Mintaro", "Mount Bryan", "Canowie", "Yongala", "Mannanarie", "Orroroo to the Pekina Range", "between Spalding and Bundaleer Springs."
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. pruinosa F. Muell. ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 127 (1856).
TYPE: Saltscreek, F. Mueller MEL 1010320, 1.1849 (syn MEL); Salt Creek, F. Mueller U190557 (syn U). Alternatively, the U specimen may be the Holotype, and the MEL specimen an Isotype. No specimens have been located with Behr's name inscribed, but the above may have been collected by Behr (see Boland, op. cit). Cited as "Salt creek (Behr)."
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. purpurea H.M. Hall, in L. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. ed. 2 2: 1159 (1914).
TYPE:
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. rostellata F. Muell. ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 127 (1856).
TYPE: Not located; MEL 1010316, Tanunda, F. Mueller 1849 may be an Isotype. Cited as "Arbor mediocris in planitie arenosa ad oppidulum Tammida. Ramuli rubelli, (Behr)."
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. rugulosa F. Muell. ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 127 (1856).
TYPE: South Australia, Devils Country, F. Mueller MEL 1010310, Jan 1851 (lecto MEL, fide Boland 1979). Cited as "in vallibus et planitiebus, in Devily-County, Adelaide (F.M.), Lofty Range."

Eucalyptus rostella Behr ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 127 (1856).
nom. nud. in syn.
Eucalyptus rugulosa F. Muell. ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 127 (1856).
nom. nud. in syn.
Eucalyptus leucoxylon var. rubra Guilfoyle, Austral. Plants 165 (1911).
nom. nud.

Habit: Tree or Mallee.
Bark: Bark smooth throughout, grey or red-brown or yellow. Pith glands present; Bark glands present. Cotyledons obreniform (bilobed).
Leaves: Intermediate leaves disjunct early, lanceolate to ovate, straight, entire, dull grey green, petiolate. Adult leaves disjunct, narrow lanceolate or lanceolate, not falcate, acuminate, basally tapered, dull, green or grey-green or yellow-green, thick, concolorous; Petioles narrowly flattened or channelled. Lateral veins prominent, very acute or acute.
Inflorescences: Conflorescence simple, axillary; Umbellasters 3-flowered to 7-flowered. Peduncles terete.
Flowers: Buds ovoid or globose, not glaucous or pruinose. Calyx calyptrate; persisting to anthesis. Calyptra hemispherical or conical, 1 times as long as hypanthium or 2 times as long as hypanthium, narrower than hypanthium; smooth. Hypanthium smooth. Flowers white, or cream, or pink, or red.
Fruits: Fruits globose or hemispherical. Disc depressed. Valves enclosed. Chaff dimorphic, linear and cuboid.

Distribution: S.A., or Vic.

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