The Cycad Pages
Cycas pranburiensis Photo Ken Hill
More about Cycads

Cycad enthusiasts today are fortunate in having a wealth of excellent literature readily available. A number of recently published books stand out as essential reading:

  • Good, D. 2001. Cycads of Africa. D&E Publishers, Gallomanor.

  • Hill, K.D. & Osborne, R.O. 2001. Cycads of Australia. Kangaroo Press, Sydney.

  • Jones, D.L. 2002. Cycads of the World. 2nd edn. Reed, Sydney.

  • Norstog, K.J. and Nichols, T.J. 1997. The Biology of the Cycads. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

  • Walters, T. and Osborne, R. 2004. Cycad Classification Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Wallingford UK.

  • Whitelock, L.M. 2002. The Cycads.Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Earlier literature up to the mid-1980's has been comprehensively indexed and annotated by

  • Read, R.W. & Solt, M.L. 1986. Bibliography of the living cycads. annotated. Lyonia 2(4): 33-199.

and there are also comprehensive although somewhat older publications and

  • Thieret, J.W. 1958. Economic Botany of the cycads. Economic Botany 12: 3-41.

    and toxicology and the medical implications

    • Whiting, M.G. 1963. Toxicity of the cycads. Economic Botany 17: 271-302.

    All references cited The Cycad Pages are listed in the bibliography for those interested in more detailed reading on all aspects of cycads.

    The Net has also become a great source of information and news. Try:

    Or just type "cycads" into your favourite net search engine.

    There are also great sites for cycad relatives and ecological associates. See the excellent Ginkgo bilobaPages by Cor Kwant.


    The Cycad List
    GardenWeb Forums:
    Garden Exchange, Tropicals.


    World Conservation Monitoring Centre
    Endangered species databases
    The IUCN Cycad Specialist Group


    American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta
    Biosciences - The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
    Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants
    The Internet Garden.
    Plant Societies
    The Garden Gate - Directory of Garden Sites
    Gardening & Horticulture in Australia.
    The Virtual Garden
    The Garden Web and other society pages.
    My Garden - A collection of gardening sites.
    Internet Directory for Botany.

    The Cycad Pages

    © 1998-2012 Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney
    Written and maintained by Ken Hill 1998-2010
    Maintained by Leonie Stanberg and Dennis Stevenson 2010-2012
    This site is currently not being maintained