|The Cycad Pages
- Encephalartos barteri Carruth. ex Miq., Arch. Néerl. Sci. Exact. Nat. 3: 243 (1868). I—K
- "TYPE: Nigeria, Jeba, 1858, C. Barter 1692 (iso K - fide Melville)."
Honoring C. Barter, collector of the type
Described in 1868 by English botanist
Distribution and habitat:
A widespread species in seasonally dry tropical forests and woodlands on
sandy soils over granites and sandstones in West Africa, in Nigeria, Benin,
Ghana and Togo.
Not listed in the
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants.
Plants arborescent, or acaulescent; stem 0.3-2.6 m tall, 25-30 cm
Leaves 100-180 cm long, light or bright green, flat (not keeled) in
section (opposing leaflets inserted at 180° on rachis); rachis green,
straight, stiff, not spirally twisted; petiole straight, with 1-6 prickles;
leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets reducing to spines.
Leaflets linear to lanceolate, weakly discolorous, not overlapping,
not lobed; upper margin heavily toothed (more than 3 teeth); lower margin
heavily toothed (more than 3 teeth); median leaflets 9-15 cm long, 10-17 mm
Pollen cones 1-3, fusiform, green, 8-23 cm long, 3-5 cm diam.
Seed cones 1-3, ovoid, green, 12-35 cm long, 8-15 cm diam.
Seeds flattened-ovoid to oblong, 20-30 mm long, 18-23 mm wide,