The Cycad Pages
Encephalartos turneri

Encephalartos turneri Lavranos & D.L. Goode, "Garcia de Orta, sér. Bot. 7: 11-14" (1985). H—LISC
"TYPE: ex Mozambique: Prov. Nampula, ca 22 km NE of Manpala; cult Springs Farm, Arcturus, Zimbabwe, I.S. Turner sub Lavranos 22553 (holo LISC)."

Etymology: Honoring Ian S. Turner of Zimbabwe, well known student and collector of cycads and collector of the type.




Historical notes: Described in 1988 by South African botanists - Lavranos and Douglas Goode.

Distinguishing features: Very thick, boat-shaped leaflets with stiff, hook-like recurved apices; narrow yellowish cones with a pink bloom; few shortly stalked pollen cones; sessile seed cones.

Distribution and habitat: Mozambique

Conservation: 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants category E.


Plants arborescent; stem 3 m tall, 80 cm diam.

Leaves 100-150 cm long, dark green, highly glossy, slightly keeled; rachis green, straight, stiff, not spirally twisted; petiole straight, with 6-12 prickles; leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets reducing to spines.

Leaflets lanceolate, weakly discolorous, not lobed, insertion angle obtuse (45-80°) or acute (less than 45°); margins recurved; upper margin entire (no teeth), or lightly toothed (1-3 teeth); lower margin entire (no teeth), or lightly toothed (1-3 teeth); median leaflets 15-20 cm long, 20-30 mm wide.

Pollen cones 1-3, narrowly ovoid, yellow, 25-30 cm long, 6-8 cm diam.

Seed cones 1-3, ovoid, yellow, 26-30 cm long, 14-16 cm diam.

Seeds oblong, 40-60 mm long, 20-25 mm wide, sarcotesta red or yellow.

The Cycad Pages

© 1998-2012 Royal Botanic Gardens Sy dney
Written and maintained by Ken Hill 1998-2010
Maintained by Leonie Stanberg and Dennis Stevenson 2010-2012
This site is currently not being maintained