Synonyms: Gilliesiaceae APNI*
Description: Perennial herbs, with tunicated bulbs enclosed by membranous rather than fibrous scales.
Leaves basal, linear, sheathing scape to varying heights, lamina with numerous longitudinal veins; stipules absent.
Inflorescence scapose, terminal, solitary or umbellate, 1–many-flowered; flowers initially enclosed in a spathe of 1–several scarious, free or united bracts. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, pedicellate. Tepals 6, in 2 whorls, persistent in fruit. Stamens usually 6; filaments filiform, linear or broadened, all simple or those opposite inner segments 3-fid; anthers epipeltate, versatile, introrse, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, 3-locular; placentation axile; stigma capitate.
Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds in varying numbers, angled or subglobose, black, unwinged.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 30 genera, c. 700 species, Northern Hemisphere, Amer, & Africa. Australia: 4 genera, 11 species, N.S.W., Vic., Tas., S.A., W.A.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Amaryllidaceae, Order: Asparagales)
These genera have often been included in the Liliaceae s. lat. Cultivated plants include species of Allium, Agapanthus and Tulbaghia.
Text by D. C. Godden
Taxa not yet included in identification key
| ||Key to the genera|| |
|1||Inflorescence an umbel; perianth usually less than 15 mm long, tepals free or slightly united at base||2|
|Flower solitary; perianth usually more than 20 mm long, tepals fused into a tube c. 15 mm long||Ipheion|
|2||Plants with an onion- or garlic-like odour when crushed; ovules usually 2 per loculus; style gynobasic||Allium|
|Plants with little or no onion- or garlic-like odour when crushed; ovules usually 4–12 per loculus; style terminal|
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