Description: Trees or shrubs, usually dioecious, resinous.
Leaves alternate, usually compound, imparipinnate, crowded at end of branchlets; stipules mostly present.
Inflorescences axillary or terminal, paniculate. Flowers 3–5-merous, unisexual [or rarely bisexual]. Sepals usually fused. Petals free. Stamens equal to or twice as many as petals, free or fused, sometimes fused to disc; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing longitudinally. Disc present. Ovary superior; carpels 2–5, fused; each carpel with 2 ovules.
Fruit a drupe with 1–5 1-seeded stones or with a single plurilocular stone [or less often a capsule]; seeds without endosperm.
Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 16 genera, 600 species, tropical regions. Australia: 2 genera, 5 species (3 species endemic), Qld, N.S.W., N.T., W.A.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Burseraceae, Order: Sapindales)
Text by G. J. Harden
|One genus in NSW: Canarium|