Description: Herbs, shrubs [or trees].
Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3 or 4, simple, entire [or with glandular teeth], often marked with glandular, translucent, red or black dots or striations; stipules absent.
Inflorescence terminal or axillary, cymose or paniculate, or flowers solitary. Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual and unisexual, plants polygamous and dioecious. Sepals and petals in whorls of 2–6, free. Stamens numerous, free or variously united into bundles or reduced to staminodes; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, generally of 3–5 carpels; loculi as many as carpels, or ovary 1-locular; styles usually free; placentation [axile] or less commonly parietal on intruding placentas; ovules 2–many.
Fruit a septicidal capsule or rarely a fleshy drupe or berry.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 44 genera, c. 1000 species, mainly tropical regions. Australia: 6 genera, 18 species, all States, chiefly SE Australia
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Clusiaceae, Order: Malpighiales)
The subfamily Hypericoideae is sometimes separated as the family Hypericaceae with 8 gen. and 450 spp.
Text by C. Miller (1990); edited KL Wilson (March 2011)
| ||Key to the genera|| |
|1||Petals yellow to orange, rarely white||Hypericum|