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Family Goodeniaceae

Synonyms: Brunoniaceae APNI*

Description: Herbs or shrubs.

Leaves mostly alternate, simple, margins entire, toothed or variously lobed, often with a tuft of villous hairs in axil.

Inflorescence terminal or axillary, dichasia, thyrses, racemes, subumbels, spikes or heads or flowers solitary. Flowers zygomorphic or rarely almost actinomorphic, bisexual, mostly 5-merous. Sepals 5 or 3, free or fused. Corolla yellow, white, pink, mauve [blue or brownish red], with 5 fused petals, with the tube slit on lower side, usually (except in Scaevola and Selliera) ± 2-lipped, often with auricles enclosing stamens. Stamens 5, epigynous or rarely almost hypogynous; anthers free or fused around style, 2-locular; dehiscence by longitudinal slits into the anther cylinder, so that the cylinder is filled with pollen before the style grows up. Ovary inferior to superior, 2-locular but usually incompletely so [or rarely 4-locular] or apparently 1-locular, with axile or basal placentas; ovules 1–several per loculus; style surmounted by a pollen cup or indusium which collects and exposes the pollen; stigma growing from centre of indusium.

Fruit a capsule, inferior nut or drupaceous; seeds 1–several, caruncle present or absent.

Distribution and occurrence: World: 13 genera, c. 390 species, chiefly temperate and mostly confined to Southern Hemisphere. Australia: 13 genera, c. 370 species, all States but particularly SW W.A.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Goodeniaceae, Order: Asterales)

Text by R. C. Carolin
Taxon concept:

 Key to the genera 
1Flowers in solitary heads on naked scapes; corolla almost actinomorphicBrunonia
Flowers not in heads, if scapose then loose with prominent bracts; corolla strongly zygomorphic2
2Anthers fused to each other3
Anthers free from each other
                       Back to 1
3Flowers glabrousLechenaultia
Flowers hairy
                       Back to 2
4Flowers in dichasia in axils of basal leaves; stamens almost hypogynous; ovary almost superiorVelleia
Flowers in terminal thyrses, racemes or spikes or rarely solitary in axils of basal leaves; stamens epigynous; ovary inferior or half-inferior
                       Back to 2
5Corolla yellow, sometimes with brownish markingsGoodenia
Corolla blue to pinkish or white to cream, rarely greenish
                       Back to 4
6Corolla lobes unequal, not spreading like a fanCoopernookia
Corolla lobes almost equal, spreading like a fan or, in Selliera held stiffly erect
                       Back to 5
7Corolla with prominent spurGoodenia
Corolla without prominent spur
                       Back to 6
8Corolla lobes spreading like a fan, wings conspicuous; not in salt marshesScaevola
Corolla lobes held stiffly erect, wings obsolete; creeping glabrous plant of salt marshes
                       Back to 7

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