Description: Trees or shrubs.
Leaves alternate, pinnate, entire or toothed: stipules often large.
Inflorescences spikes or racemes; pedicels twisting through 180deg at flowering. Flowers zygomorphic, usually bisexual, 4- or 5-merous. Calyx lobes 5, unequal, free or fused, sometimes 4 by fusion of 2 sepals. Corolla lobes 4 or 5, free, clawed, strongly unequal, imbricate. Nectariferous disc outside stamens. Stamens as many as, and alternate with the petals, free; anthers 2-locular. Ovary superior, of 4 or 5 carpels, fused; style simple; ovules 1 to 4 per loculus.
Fruit a capsule; seed usually solitary, sometimes with an aril.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 2 genera, 15 species, tropical & southern Africa. Australia: 2 species (naturalized), N.S.W., Vic., S.A.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Melianthaceae, Order: Geraniales)
Text by S. M. Hastings
|One genus in NSW: Melianthus|