Perianth 4 tepals (rarely 5), carpel solitary, with a single ovule.
Previously included in Phytolaccaceae, but now recognised as a distinct family (see APG IV 2016).
| ||Key to the genera|| |
|1||Fruit a berry, smooth, red; flowers bisexual; perennial herbs, usually woody at the base||Rivina|
|Fruit burr-like, an achene covered with hooked bristles, green to brown; flowers unisexual; shrubs||Monococcus|