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Genus Capillipedium Family Poaceae

Description: Tufted perennials with erect, slender culms and usually bearded nodes; usually scented.

Leaves with blade rolled in bud, flat, with the margins rolled outwards, midrib prominent.

Inflorescence an open purplish panicle of short racemes borne on slender, gland-bearing branches. Spikelets in pairs, 1 sessile, the other pedicellate, terminal spikelets in triplets, readily deciduous and falling in groups with an attached axis joint. Sessile spikelets with 1 fertile floret and 1 sterile lemma, dorsally compressed; callus of the fertile floret shortly bearded. Glumes not alike, 8- or 9-nerved, grooved between the nerves. Lemmas unalike, the lower nerveless, much reduced, the upper tapering into a slender, twisted awn. Palea absent. Pedicellate spikelets flattened, shorter and narrower than the sessile spikelet, with 2 glumes enclosing a lemma and sometimes a male flower.

Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 15 species, Africa, Asia & Australia. Australia: 2 species (native), Qld, N.S.W., N.T.

Text by S. W. L. Jacobs & C. A. Wall
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Racemes 1–3-jointed with rather few spikelets; lower glume of sessile spikelets with 2 nerves between the keelsCapillipedium parviflorum
Racemes 3–8-jointed with numerous spikelets; lower glume of sessile spikelets with 4 or 5 nerves between the keelsCapillipedium spicigerum

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