Description: Shrubs or small trees.
Leaves alternate, simple, margins entire or often glandular-toothed, often resinous-dotted.
Inflorescences usually terminal, racemes or panicles. Calyx 5-toothed. Petals 5, free, but usually ± cohering and forming a tube. Stamens 5. Ovary inferior, 2-carpellate, 1-locular.
Fruit a capsule, topped by persistent calyx and style; seeds numerous.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 41 species, South America, especially the Andes Mtns. Australia: 3 species (naturalized), N.S.W. and S.A.
Text by G. J. Harden (1992), Distribution and occurrence updated by Kerry Gibbons, 25 May 2023.
Taxon concept: Distribution and occurrence: Kew Plants of the World Online; Australian Plant Census [both accessed 25 May 2023].
|One species in NSW: Escallonia bifida|