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Genus Melicope Family Rutaceae

Description: Shrubs or trees, glabrous or with simple hairs, unarmed.

Leaves opposite, palmately 3-foliolate; leaflets with margins entire.

Inflorescences axillary [or terminal], paniculate. Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual. Sepals 4 [or 5], basally fused. Petals 4 [or 5], imbricate, free, not persistent in fruit. Stamens 4 and opposite the sepals, or 8, free, erect to divergent. Carpels 4 [or 5], basally fused, lacking a sterile apex; styles fused, arising from at or above the middle of the carpels; stigma scarcely differentiated from style or capitate; ovules 2 in each carpel.

Fruit of 1–4 cocci; cocci not transversely ridged, rounded; seeds held in dehiscing cocci by persistent funiculus, very shiny, black.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 150 species, from Madagascar to India & southern China, southern to Australia, New Zealand & Hawaii. Australia: c. 14–16 species (endemic), Qld, N.S.W., N.T.

The genera Melicope and Euodia are currently under revision. Hartley (1990) has transferred the N.S.W. species of Euodia to Melicope. {G}

Text by P. G. Richards
Taxon concept:

Taxa not yet included in identification key
Melicope contermina,    Melicope polybotrya

 Key to the species 
1Larger leaflets >13 cm long.2
Larger leaflets <13 cm long.3
2Terminal petiolules usually >10 mm long or leaflets sessile; inflorescences terminal or in upper axils amongst the leaves; flowers white, greenish white or cream.Melicope vitiflora
Terminal petiolules usually <10 mm long; inflorescences compact axillary panicles, usually ramiflorous; flowers pink.
                       Back to 1
Melicope elleryana
3Leaflets obovate to oblong-obovate, glabrous or softly pubescent on lower surface; ovary pubescent.Melicope micrococca
Leaflets ovate to elliptic or narrowly so, glabrous; ovary glabrous apart from tufts of hair at junction of ovary and disc.
                       Back to 1
Melicope hayesii

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