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Genus Pandanus Family Pandanaceae

Description: Dioecious shrubs or trees; stems much-branched, stems and branches ringed with distinct leaf scars, aerial roots present, usually in the form of prop roots.

Leaves in 4 rows, spiralled, crowded towards apices of stems or branches, simple, linear, bases sheathing, margins recurved, margins and midrib prickly.

Inflorescences dense, pedunculate spikes with large spathe-like bracts. Filaments of male spikes fused into columns. Female spikes pedunculate, carpels united into hard, smooth phalanges, aggregated on a thick rachis forming an infructescence when mature.

Infructescence ovoid; individual fruit a drupe, bright red, orange or yellow when ripe, often 2- or 3-toned; seed solitary.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 600 species, tropical regions except America. Australia: >30 species (native), Qld, N.S.W., N.T., W.A.

Text by A. K. Brooks
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Pandanus tectorius

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