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Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora (Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.) Govaerts
Family Poaceae
Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora (Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.) Govaerts APNI*

Synonyms: Anthosachne multiflora subsp. multiflora (Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.) C.Yen & J.L.Yang APNI*
Anthosachne multiflora (Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.) C.Yen & J.L.Yang APNI*
Elymus multiflorus (Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.) A.Löve & Connor APNI*
Triticum multiflorum Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f. APNI*
Agropyron multiflorum (Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.) Cheeseman APNI*
Agropyron kirkii Zotov APNI*

Description: Caespitose perennials to c. 70 cm tall.

Sheaths glabrous or hairy; auricles 0–1.7 mm long; ligule 0.5–0.6 mm long, truncate; blade flat, 1.8–7 mm wide.

Inflorescence spicate, to c. 50 cm long, with 6–18 spikelets solitary at each node. Spikelets 16–35 mm long, 4–10-flowered. Glumes subequal, lower 3.4–7.9 mm long, muticous or with an awn 0.4–1.3 mm long; upper glume 5.2–9.2 mm long, muticous or with an awn 0.3–1.2 mm long. Lemmas 6.9–12.5 mm long, 5-nerved, glabrous or scabrous, mucronate, muticous or with an awn remaining straight when dry; lowest lemma muticous , mucronate or with an awn 0–3 mm long, remaining lemmas with awn 0–11.5 mm long; palea 90–100% lemma length.

Caryopsis 60–70% palea length.


Distribution and occurrence:

Coastal sand dunes, and coastal and inland riparian habitats.
NSW subdivisions: CC, SC, CT, LHI
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. S.A.
AVH map***

Anthosachne multiflora subsp. kingiana (Endl.) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs occurs on Norfolk Island.

Text by Jacobs, S.W.L., Whalley, R.D.B. & Wheeler, D.J.B., Grasses of New South Wales, Fourth Edition (2008), as Elymus multiflorus.
Taxon concept: Barkworth, M.E. & Jacobs, S.W.L. (2011). The Triticeae (Gramineae) in Australasia. Telopea. 13 (1-2): 37-56.

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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